Administer Subcutaneous Injections
How to Give Subcutaneous Injections to Your Pet at Home
Subcutaneous injections are a method of administering medication or other substances into the tissue layer beneath the skin. This method is often used for pets that need to receive regular medication or fluids, such as those with diabetes or kidney disease. Giving a dog or cat a subcutaneous injection at home can be a cost-effective and convenient way to provide necessary treatment for your pet. However, it is important to follow your veterinarian’s instructions and only administer subcutaneous injections under their supervision.
Here is a step-by-step guide on how to give a dog or cat a subcutaneous injection at home:
Gather your supplies: You will need the prescribed medication or solution, a needle and syringe, and alcohol pads to disinfect the injection site. You should also have your pet’s medical records and any instructions from your veterinarian at hand.
Prepare the medication: If the medication needs to be mixed or reconstituted, follow the instructions on the label or ask your veterinarian for guidance. Fill the syringe with the appropriate amount of medication according to your veterinarian’s instructions.
Sterilize the injection site: Choose an injection site on your pet’s body, such as the skin between the shoulder blades. Wipe the area with an alcohol pad to sterilize it.
Insert the needle: Lift the skin between the shoulder blades to form a triangle. Hold the needle at a 45-degree angle to your pet’s skin and slowly insert it into the skin. It is normal to feel some resistance as you enter the subcutaneous space of the body. Pull back on the plunger of the syringe to ensure you have entered the subcutaneous space. You should feel negative pressure on the plunger. If the syringe fills with air or blood, remove the needle from the patient and attempt again about 1 inch from the original injection site.
Administer the medication: Slowly inject the medication into the subcutaneous space, being careful not to inject it too quickly or too deeply. The amount of medication and the injection site will depend on the size of your pet and the specific medication being administered.
Monitor your pet: Observe your pet for any reactions or signs of discomfort during the injection. If you notice any problems, stop the injection immediately and contact your veterinarian.
Dispose of the supplies: After the injection is complete, remove the needle from your pet’s skin and dispose of it appropriately. Gently apply slight pressure on the injection site with your finger to prevent the medication from leaking out. Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water.
It’s crucial to follow your veterinarian’s instructions and only administer subcutaneous injections under their supervision. If you have any concerns or questions about administering a subcutaneous injection to your pet, don’t hesitate to contact your veterinarian.